How to Change the Default Server Port in Spring-boot


Spring Boot initial project (which is generated from spring starter) project comes with an embedded server i.e tomcat. The default port of embedded tomcat is 8080. Changing the default port for the embedded server has multiple ways. Let's find out how.

Using property files

The easiest way to customize Spring Boot embedded server port is by overriding the values of the default properties.

Updating application properties

We can change the embedded tomcat server port by changing the value of server.port property. By default, its value is 8080. After changing the value, file should look like below:

 server.port = 9099

Updating application yaml

If yaml configuration file used in the application, then we need to make the following change in application.yml file:

   port : 9099

Using Command Line arguments

We can pass the argument --server.port=port_number while running the application using command line:

 java -jar spring-boot-app.jar --server.port=9099

We can change the server port by passing the System property as well.

 java -jar -Dserver.port=9099 spring-boot-app.jar

Using Programatic approach

Customizing the embedded server configuration

If we need to programmatically configure embedded servlet container, we can register a Spring bean that implements the WebServerFactoryCustomizer interface. WebServerFactoryCustomizer provides access to the ConfigurableServletWebServerFactory, which includes numerous customization setter methods.

import org.springframework.boot.web.server.WebServerFactoryCustomizer;
import org.springframework.boot.web.servlet.server.ConfigurableServletWebServerFactory;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;

public class CustomizationBean implements WebServerFactoryCustomizer<configurableservletwebserverfactory> {

    public void customize(ConfigurableServletWebServerFactory server) {

Setting the property in Application class

Alternatively we can configure the server port programmatically by setting the specific property while starting the application in main (@SpringBootApplication) class:

public class SpringBootApplication {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        SpringApplication application = new SpringApplication(SpringBootApplication.class);
        application.setDefaultProperties(Collections.singletonMap("server.port", "9099"));;

Please refer spring io documentation on how to change the http port and Feature customizing embedded containers for more details.

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